In the political sphere, they are denied various benefits from schemes especially provided for them. The closest example is the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA), which guarantees to provide 100 days work at the wage rate of 175 rupees per day. But the officials or politicians take advantage of their illiteracy by instilling false information and denying these people their rights. Even during elections, the politicians buy the votes of the illiterates robbing them their right to participate in selecting a fit leader.
In the economic sphere, the local merchandise produced by the rurals are bought at astonishingly low rates by the exploitive literates. In relation to this, even plots of land are bought off with cheap prices as they are not well-versed with the ways of the market. Some shopkeepers even sell goods to the illiterates at very high prices as they are unable to read the printed prices. There are even incidents of how certain people cheat them by handing out currency notes claiming them to be of higher value. Their lack of education also bars them from finding good jobs in an increasingly growing literate society. They are ultimately left to take up lower wage jobs such as manual labour where they are paid unjust wages.